I am working with a Spark dataframe, with a column where each element contains a nested float array of variable lengths, typically 1024, 2048, or 4096. Generally the term matrix (from mathematics) and array (from Excel) can be used interchangeably to refer to data organized in row and column fashion. Work with multiple data values with arrays. Exists(T[], Predicate) Method (System) | Microsoft Docs Skip to main content. Additionally, The elements of an array are stored in a contiguous memory location. Checks whether a condition is met, and returns one value if TRUE, and another value if FALSE. We've shipped orders to the East region, and want to know how many orders had problems (a problem note is entered in column D). These numbers. Changing the values in this column does not seem to affect the result. For example, these statements create variables X1 through X100 and assign data values to the variables using the 2. And we can transform a. I am facing an issue here that I have a dataframe with 2 columns, "ID" and "Amount". Here we declare an array which contains five elements. Return value in another cell if a cell contains certain text with formula. one column of the first sheet contains first sheet contains duplicate data. Even though the functions are “named” with matrix there is no help in Excel under “matrix” only “array”. If on is None and not merging on indexes then this defaults to the intersection of the columns in both DataFrames. A common data structure is the list (not to be confused with array). A list is a nested set of objects, with the first object holding a reference to the second, the second to the third, and so on. The page also contains an Excel web app which you can edit or download. Let's say I want to compare two arrays to see which. The Spark functions object provides helper methods for working with ArrayType columns. Obviously, you need a better approach over defining 100 different variables and using them. Viewed 67k times 5. full function, we will need to specify a shape for the new array with the shape = parameter. Struct constructors. How is it possible to replace all the numeric values of the. However, you cannot input values to an array that is defined with _TEMPORARY_ and that uses the asterisk subscript. A new array, NewArray, is. In the example shown, the formula in F6 is:. Excel Formula to Check If a Cell Contains Text Then Return Value in Another Cell. You will probably already know that Excel is a spreadsheet application developed by Microsoft. Column names of the matrix or more generally the names of the last dimension of the array value or names of the vector value are set from X as in sapply. How to check or find if value exists in another column? Supposing, I have two columns of data which contains some duplicate values in these both columns as left screenshot shown. may_share_memory() to check if two arrays share the same memory block. This post will help you get started using Apache Spark DataFrames with Scala on the MapR Sandbox. Scala provides a data structure, the array, which stores a fixed-size sequential collection of elements of the same type. For the function def array_contains(column: Column, value: Any): Column , if we pass the value parameter as a Column type, it will yield a runtime exception. In other words, although both "phrase" and "list" are arrays of characters, only "phrase" is big enough to contain the string value ""Enter age: "". The basic idea is to modify the compare function so it. Partitioned tables can contain complex type columns. To sum if cells contain either one text string or another (i. Descriptions and source code examples for you to try Spark Transformations in your own environment. Reduced to this generic form, this a pretty common overall need. The new Spark DataFrames API is designed to make big data processing on tabular data easier. We've shipped orders to the East region, and want to know how many orders had problems (a problem note is entered in column D). If needle is found in haystack more than once, the first matching key is returned. In this article, we show how to find the number of rows and columns in an array in Python. First array contains the. That’s my disclaimer. A host-variable array contains the data for a column of table that is a target of the INSERT. If value in row in DataFrame contains string create another column equal to string in Pandas Economics 3 29 2018-02-26 Emp004 Spark Statistician Economics 4 40. spark-daria defines additional Column methods such as…. Use a combination of IFERROR, IF and SEARCH function in Excel 2016. If you are working on Java and have an array with a large amount of data, you may want to print certain elements in order to view them conveniently. Return value in another cell if a cell contains certain text with formula. If the Array is an associative array (each ID key is associated with a value), you can use the foreach() instruction to traverse the array. The calendar’s launch is a highly-anticipated event each year, with hundreds queuing outside the historic London department. Powershell match an item in an array. If you are asking why I use the Item column in the formula the answer is that I use the range to create numbers for each row. How to find if one column is contained in another array column in pyspark. Display data from associative Array in HTML table. Use the Contains method to confirm the existence of a column before you perform additional operations on the column. Let’s create an array. Spark SQL also supports generators (explode, pos_explode and inline) that allow you to combine the input row with the array elements, and the collect_list aggregate. For more information on arrays in SQL Server, you can look here:. How do I check if a Cell contains specific text and then return another specific text in another cell with a formula in Excel. Send your questions for Stoya and Rich to [email protected] It also shares some common characteristics with RDD: Immutable in nature: We can create DataFrame / RDD once but can’t change it. Lightning echo rise times and range-time variations due to discharge propagation are determined using S and L band radars, and the evolution of precipitation reflectivity and the associated lightning activity in squall lines is investigated. The SUMIF function has the following syntax: =SUMIF(range,criteria,sum_range). 2008-11-25 05:59 pramsey *. With Method 2, at least two arrays—and typically, all arrays—are multipled within one argument: SUMPRODUCT(array1*[array2]*) Array1 Required. Today we will be addressing how to efficiently iterate on a JSON Array to see if one of the JSON objects contains a desired unique value (this technique only works with values that will be unique). [code]class Person(name: String, age: Int) val rdd: RDD[Person] = val filtered = rdd. Your data looks like plain arrays and not "waveforms" (which is a specific LabVIEW datatype). I need a formua to create a new column that checks a exising column in a table and provides a new value based on multiple condtions. This matches the layout you see in the app. The Java version basically looks the same, except you replace the closure with a lambda. Robert Hazen is one of five expert speakers on Scientific American’s 175th Anniversary Cruise to the Americas in March 2020. Just do the following steps: #1 select the text values in Column A (A1:A6), press Ctrl +C to copy these values, and paste into another blank column (Column D). There are two types of Visual Basic arrays: fixed-size and dynamic. // Create an empty array and pass to toArray. The two found values would be. with CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER), though in that case you would be strongly advised not to reference the entirety of column A, otherwise this will result in an extremely resource-heavy formula. A two-dimensional array has 2 dimensions, rows and columns and uses two indexes. If the user was on Hive 0. In this post I am going to describe with example code as to how we can add a new column to an existing DataFrame using withColumn() function of DataFrame. It uses 2 datatables, one contains Sales Person data while the second contains Sales figures. Finally, we display the element at the intersection of row 4 and column 2. For Example:. var arrayname = new Array[datatype](size) var indicates variable and arrayname is the name of the array, new is the keyword, datatype indicates the type of data such as integer, string and size is the number of elements in an array. // Create an empty array and pass to toArray. These examples are extracted from open source projects. the same row from a column you specify. Spark SQL is faster Source: Cloudera Apache Spark Blog. Full-text indexes can be used if JSON in your column is formatted as a simple array of scalar values. Learn more about cell arrays, find. I have JSON data set that contains a price in a string like "USD 5. Does NOT alter the original array. Introduction. The following example uses the values of an array to find a specific row in a collection of DataRow objects. A JSON Array is simply a JavaScript Array where each element is an Object, and each Object have the same keys. Check if a Java Array Contains a Value. java \classes \classes\com\example\graphics. How do I check if a Cell contains specific text and then return another specific text in another cell with a formula in Excel. Sort an array according to the order defined by another array Given two arrays A1[] and A2[], sort A1 in such a way that the relative order among the elements will be same as those are in A2. I am working with a Spark dataframe, with a column where each element contains a nested float array of variable lengths, typically 1024, 2048, or 4096. Well, the hot news on the street this week — if you live on a street where people are scampering around performing hardware acceleration on their algorithms — is that those clever guys and gals at Achronix, who announced their state-of-the-art 7nm Speedster 7t FPGAs a couple of months ago, have. From the R & D side, you need to be willing to do your own installations, maybe compile some code and do some digging through forums and such to be successful. SYSUDTAUTH The SYSUDTAUTH view contains one row for every privilege granted on a type. Because the VLookup will recalculate everytime you make a change to the spreadsheet, it is best to get rid of the formula. Sum values based on criteria in another column with Pivot table in Excel. Robert Hazen is one of five expert speakers on Scientific American’s 175th Anniversary Cruise to the Americas in March 2020. Re: Array to Count Values Across Columns When Column Header Equals a Condition If you can sort the data so that the dates in the first row are chronologically increasing, then you can use a COUNTIF formula to get the result and be most efficient. In Java, a table may be implemented as a 2D array. import org. union() method to append a Dataset to another with same number of columns. Another aspect that I want to cover is the lifestyle of using open source. The first array, D5:D14, is the same, and contains the data for quantity sold. - Given a Map, a key of the correct type can be used to retrieve an individual value. Tips and Tricks: Checking Settings. rather than contains some The following is an example showing one pointer being assigned to another and of a pointer being. However, many people still resort to using VLOOKUP because it’s a simpler formula. The (Dim)names of the array value are taken from the FUN. It can be compared to a table or a worksheet in Excel. If you need to find a text string, Excel if cell contains text. Elements of the array are numbered sequentially, and you access an element using its index number. The default value is false. Spark SQL is the newest component of Spark and provides a SQL like interface. Unfortunately, JavaScript's built-in tools for doing so leave quite a bit to be desired. C# arrays tutorial covers arrays. Declaration. - Given a Struct, a string fieldName can be used to extract that field. The first element in the array is [0], the second element is [1], and so on. The examples that use two lists assume you have two named ranges, List1 and List2, each of which is one column wide and any number of rows tall. Like printing arrays, there is no single statement in the language that says "copy an entire array into another array". 4 2008-11-24 18:. It cannot be an expression. In our Array example, we will be using the dataset Temperature. The list can contain any of the other types (except list). The array_contains method returns true if the column contains a specified element. Then you copy formula from B2 to other cells in column B. Place your cursor in the first cell in the next column. One of the most basic tasks in any programming language is determining whether a string contains a given substring. What's important to us in this analysis is how big a price gain is in prospect, column [E], and how likely is today’s RI forecast to produce a profit [H] as a proportion of the [L] sample of. • Examples: • Lab book of multiple readings over several days • Periodic table. Index for finding an element in a JSON array; 2. Our analysis suggests that it’s possible to meet the resource challenge through an expansion in supply and base-case productivity-improvement rates. I want each cell in either column to turn green if its exact value is in the other column anywhere, and if its not to turn red. sCell = C(1,2) sCell = [17] Next let's get a row of elements. It represents the number of columns, offset from the leftmost column of the table array, where. one column of the first sheet contains first sheet contains duplicate data. Pardon, as I am still a novice with Spark. Kittle, Jr. Typically, one would append columns instead of rows, but you can always transpose the array later for the indicator. I am working with a Spark dataframe, with a column where each element contains a nested float array of variable lengths, typically 1024, 2048, or 4096. Since JSON is regular text, you can use standard full text index. The examples that use two lists assume you have two named ranges, List1 and List2, each of which is one column wide and any number of rows tall. Then, I use another formula to determine the. The concat_ws and split Spark SQL functions can be used to add ArrayType columns to DataFrames. The array contains the value: Apple The array contains the value: Banana The array contains the value: Carrots Check if Array Contains Value. https://www. Another big advantage of Eriksen is his versatility. scm") (define (format-lambda-list lst) (let ((name (car lst)) (arguments (cdr lst))) (("Procedure: ") ((name: name name) (map (lambda (arg) (list. What's the best way to do this? There's an API named agg(*exprs) that takes a list of column names and expressions for the type of aggregation you'd like to compute. For the elements not present in A2, append them at last in sorted order. Set array, specified as a numeric array, logical array, character array, string array, categorical array, datetime array, duration array, cell array of character vectors, table, or timetable. This method returns a string representation of the "deep contents" of the given array. Ability to do equi-joins between two tables. Because JavaScript treats 0 as loosely equal to false (i. array — Efficient arrays of numeric values¶ This module defines an object type which can compactly represent an array of basic values: characters, integers, floating point numbers. I'd like to convert the numeric portion to a Double to use in an MLLIB LabeledPoint, and have managed to split the price string into an array of string. So, there is an element known as temperature[0], an element known as temperature[1], and an. Tables can be used in subsequent SQL statements. In Apache Spark, a DataFrame is a distributed collection of rows under named columns. Personally I would go with Python UDF and wouldn’t bother with anything else: Vectors are not native SQL types so there will be performance overhead one way or another. Consider a pyspark dataframe consisting of 'null' elements and numeric elements. 1 day ago · A Southern California utility that shut off power to tens of thousands of people to prevent wildfires says it restored electricity to a line minutes before another blaze exploded nearby. Back to the example, the table_array would not only include the Student ID number column, but the columns for the Student Names and Grades as well. “NICE Actimize’s ENGAGE 2019 takes industry collaboration to another level with our our partners and an expanded array of financial release contains forward-looking statements as that. This Jira has been LDAP enabled, if you are an ASF Committer, please use your LDAP Credentials to login. It is always fun to use a coaster mockup to present your design in a photo-realistic way. e, an array can contain one or more values of the same data type. This blog describes one of the most common variations of this scenario in which the index column is based on another column in the DDF which contains non-unique entries. key-value, wide column, graph, or document) are different from those used by default in relational databases, making some operations faster in NoSQL. Summary: Learn how to verify if a Windows PowerShell array contains a value. Spark can read/write to any storage system / format that has a plugin for Hadoop! - Examples: HDFS, S3, HBase, Cassandra, Avro, SequenceFile - Reuses Hadoop's InputFormat and OutputFormat APIs. Example, cell B3 contains XBF which is found in cell E7. Pardon, as I am still a novice with Spark. java \classes \classes\com\example\graphics. ) Note: The index number, which represents the number of elements the array is going to hold, must be a constant value. Operation filter is take predicate f(x) as an argument which is some thing like x % 2 == 0 it means it will return true for even elements and false for odd elements. Select rows when columns contain certain values. Pardon, as I am still a novice with Spark. The values are assigned to the array by specifying array index value against each one of the values to be assigned. i have tried using the following code: from pyspark. I need to sort the array in ascending order by the values in column 1 (Temperature), then column 2(KSI). Create a matrix A and sort each column of A in ascending order. Find Items in one column that are not in another column A$287 to match your entire search array in Column A. Description. com/en/category/klipfolio-partner-certification-exam. What’s more, this software is widely used in many different application fields all over the world. Each sales person can have many sales. A closed-form equation is derived for root mean square (rms) value of velocity change (gust rise) that occurs over the swept area of wind turbine rotor systems and an equation for rms value of velocity change that occurs at a single point in space. Yet Another DataTables Column Filter (yadcf) 0. Sales) where the cells in another column (e. For Example:. columns: column, Grouper, array, or list of the previous. Yet Another DataTables Column Filter (yadcf) 0. >>> df4 = spark. Arrays class contains a set of methods called equals() which can be used to check if two Java arrays are equal. So, as an example, you have a bunch of contacts in an address book, and instead of creating variables to represent each contact like so:. Misinformation and attacks on Jews mark Israeli Apartheid Week on US Campuses, Israeli Apartheid Week on US Campuses, Roiling the Middle East War, Fatah, ISM, Jimmy Carter, blood libel propaganda film. A pivot is an aggregation where one (or more in the general case) of the grouping columns has its distinct values transposed into individual columns. at least one value) not in another range, you can use the SUMPRODUCT function with MATCH and ISNA. the array cellarray_new will contain all the indices of the original cell array that contain the number 5. The cursor becomes a black down arrow. I often need to perform an inverse selection of columns in a dataframe, or exclude some columns from a query. insert (arr, obj, values, Note that insert does not occur in-place: a new array is returned. How to Select Specified Columns – Projection in Spark Posted on February 10, 2015 by admin Projection i. functions import udf, size from pyspark. Not all array formulas return arrays with multiple columns and/or multiple rows to the worksheet. Here's an example:. e, an array can contain one or more values of the same data type. I want each cell in either column to turn green if its exact value is in the other column anywhere, and if its not to turn red. Hey, Scripting Guy! How can I build an array from a column of data in Excel?— AH Hey, AH. Array: The first complex type is an array. Then, in the summer of 1944, came another twitch on the conceptual thread. The code checks if an array contains a specific value. The Editor’s Gas-Bag (with a wink at Philip Shreffler, Donald. Definition of One Dimensional Array One dimensional array is a list of variables of same type that are accessed by a common name. There are two types of Visual Basic arrays: fixed-size and dynamic. RDD), it doesn't work because the types are not matching, saying that the Spark mapreduce actions only work on Spark. Re: Return a subarray from an array based on corresponding values in another column Welcome to the MrExcel board! My suggestion assumes there are no rows where there is a value in column A and no value at all (ie blank) in column X. Two arrays are considered equal if the arrays have the same length, and the elements are equal to each other in the order they are found in the array. The calendar’s launch is a highly-anticipated event each year, with hundreds queuing outside the historic London department. This method returns a string representation of the "deep contents" of the given array. Column Input. what i want is the comparing these two columns data if they are equal then the next column result in sheet 1 will be come on the sheet. I have two Sheets in a workbook. Then you copy formula from B2 to other cells in column B. In this article, we will learn how to search a certain text using Excel functions. Vlookup to match partial text string in array and return value I'm am trying to perform a vlookup in an array to find text with other text info. 0 == false, but 0 !== false), to check for the presence of value within array, you need to check if it's not equal to (or greater than) -1. Conceptually, it is equivalent to relational tables with good optimizati. Descriptions and source code examples for you to try Spark Transformations in your own environment. It is always fun to use a coaster mockup to present your design in a photo-realistic way. Column A contains the record keys. I also tried the array_contains function from for Spark >= 2. StructType objects contain a list of StructField objects that define the name, type, and nullable flag for each column in a DataFrame. In the example shown, cell G6 contains this formula:. How to filter Spark dataframe by array column containing any of the values of some other dataframe. Case classes can also be nested or contain complex types such as Sequences or Arrays. What it does is that if elements of an array are array themselves, those will be converted properly also. Arrays can be constructed using array constructor syntax. Using COUNTIF in Excel to count number of "Greater than" values in an array of values exceeds the Goal column. Changing the values in this column does not seem to affect the result. My “OR” criteria was a range in itself, where I have used it simply to count the occurences of all values from one Column in another column. def monotonically_increasing_id (): """A column that generates monotonically increasing 64-bit integers. A Spark DataFrame is a distributed collection of data organized into named columns that provides operations. Learn the basic and advanced uses of the Excel SUMPRODUCT function - formula examples to compare arrays, conditionally sum or count cells with multiple criteria using AND or OR logic, get a weighted average, and more. With Spatial and Graph, the geometric description of a spatial object is stored in a single row, in a single column of object type SDO_GEOMETRY in a user-defined table. Find text in array & return adjacent cell value I'm looking for a cell reference solution to finding any "text/number" in a given array & returning an adjacent cell value. Because arrays are build out of non-dynamic memory blocks. Table of Content. For example i have a list that contains data now if i want to write the data in to another list during this i want to keep a condition whether the string is already present in the list. Any problems email [email protected] Excel: If cell contains then count, sum, highlight, copy or delete by Svetlana Cheusheva | updated on June 27, 2018 27 Comments In our previous tutorial, we were looking at Excel If contains formulas that return some value to another column if a target cell contains a given value. You can vote up the examples you like and your votes will be used in our system to generate more good examples. Alert: Welcome to the Unified Cloudera Community. 1 employs Spark SQL's built-in functions to allow you to consume data from many sources and formats (JSON, Parquet, NoSQL), and easily perform transformations and interchange between these data formats (structured, semi-structured, and unstructured data). The default value is false. INDEX(array,row_num,[column_num]) Returns a value or reference of the cell at the intersection of a particular row and column, in a given range. The code is written to be entered into a single column spanning several rows or a single row spanning several columns. Through sequence and hybridization analyses, we examined regions from Arabidopsis arenosa, Capsella rubella, and Olimarabidopsis pumila that are homologous to Arabidopsis thaliana pericentromeres (peri-CENs) III and V, and used FISH to demonstrate they have been maintained near centromere satellite arrays in each species. See: Function Index: detailed explanation The result is an array that only contains the indicated columns; all the other columns have been 'deleted'. with CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER), though in that case you would be strongly advised not to reference the entirety of column A, otherwise this will result in an extremely resource-heavy formula. In the decades since, the space has served an array of purposes, including the one-time home of The Eye. Dict can contain Series, arrays, constants, or list-like objects Changed in version 0. 4 and ready to tag. SAS® data step arrays have a number of unique characteristics that make them especially useful in enhancing your coding productivity. Is it possible to select all distinct values within the data in the columns and return them as a single column or do I. CanRemove. Display data from associative Array in HTML table. I've been playing around with numpy this evening in an attempt to improve the performance of a Travelling Salesman Problem implementation and I wanted to get every value in a specific column of a 2D array. {SQLContext, Row, DataFrame, Column} import. It can be a string. functions; Convert a number in a string column from one base to another. (include "html-lib. array_contains val c = array. Array is a data structure used for storing collection of variables of the same type. Following is the declaration for java. There are a variety of methods and formulas that can be used with lists of data. listed within the square brackets. In the case of PowerShell’s array the signature is the ‘at sign’ @. The new Spark DataFrames API is designed to make big data processing on tabular data easier. By Andy Grove. val colNames = Seq("c1", "c2") df. It is a fixed collection of same data type that are stored contiguously and that are accessible by an index We specify their length and we can initialize arrays with data. Ask Question How to use spark csv If you are using pyspark. So basically I get the known data into the form Array(ID, Seq[(wavelength, intensity)]) after using sequence of map and groupByKey actions. Health Carer Through such cases, medicine these kinds of as Xanax and the benzodiazepines will be often prescribed to make an effort and allay some from the more serious symptoms in panic and anxiety attacks and tension concerns. // IMPORT DEPENDENCIES import org. How to check if array column is inside another column array in PySpark dataframe the same array. Apache Spark: RDD, DataFrame or Dataset? January 15, 2016. Left outer join. * * * We hope we have given a handy demonstration on how to construct Spark dataframes from CSV files with headers. Join Private Q&A. I have also written an article in case you need to find records that match one condition in one column and another condition in another column. This Array Formula does NOT require Ctrl + Shift + Enter. Using Arrays with Functions and Operators. Background/Aim: Antarctic seaweeds are considered a promising source of compounds with anticancer activity. INPUT array-name{*}; You can use arrays with list, column, or formatted input. But when they do, it can happen that you're interested in seeing only one value in the array. So, there is an element known as temperature[0], an element known as temperature[1], and an. For example i have a list that contains data now if i want to write the data in to another list during this i want to keep a condition whether the string is already present in the list. The Pacific tsunami warning system. union() method to append a Dataset to another with same number of columns. https://www. The first array you want to multiply and then add. Re: Return a subarray from an array based on corresponding values in another column Welcome to the MrExcel board! My suggestion assumes there are no rows where there is a value in column A and no value at all (ie blank) in column X. By using NumPy, you can speed up your workflow, and interface with other packages in the Python ecosystem, like scikit-learn, that use NumPy under the hood. So, as an example, you have a bunch of contacts in an address book, and instead of creating variables to represent each contact like so:. We begin the array with \begin{array} and end it with \end{array}. Note, that column name should be wrapped into scala Seq if join type is specified. Calculate average in a column based on same value in another column with Kutools for Excel. Consider a pyspark dataframe consisting of 'null' elements and numeric elements. [SPARK-8231][SQL] Add array_contains (I needed to recompile spark). In general, the numeric elements have different values. The Excel MMULT function returns the matrix product of two arrays. Perhaps you want to do something. A dotted line appears around the selected data. 2) for `in` operator and throw a correct exception rather than saying it is a bool. Let us say, we have input data in Cell A1 and We want to Return Value in Another Cell B1. [EN: See, a column pitched as a weekly roundup of living one’s worst life should never contain the term “toddler. From the R & D side, you need to be willing to do your own installations, maybe compile some code and do some digging through forums and such to be successful. The answer is to make your own custom object, and then put that into the array. 0: If data is a dict, column order follows insertion-order for Python 3. For timestamp columns, things are more complicated, and we’ll cover this issue in a future post. Array object z object. You know: one of those rectangular boxes with slots to slide CDs in, each above another. - Given a Map, a key of the correct type can be used to retrieve an individual value. SYSTYPES The SYSTYPES table contains one row for each built-in data type and each distinct type and array type created by the CREATE TYPE statement. NumPy was originally developed in the mid 2000s, and arose from an even older package. Assigning Values to an Array. If, however, you array enter it into a range of cells each cell will contain one element of the array. by baeldung. In Java also, an array is a collection of similar things. Examples of Spark Transformations in Scala. You want to add up all the cells in a range where the cells in another range meet a certain criteria, e. The simplest type is a two dimensional array. Count zeros in a row wise and column wise sorted matrix; Search in a row wise and column wise sorted matrix; Sort the matrix row-wise and column-wise; Row-wise vs column-wise traversal of matrix; Sorting array using Stacks; Sorting all array elements except one; Sorting an array according to another array using pair in STL. Full text indexes can be created on arrays of values. - Given a Struct, a string fieldName can be used to extract that field. Another is a productivity response scenario, which adds a fuller range of productivity-enhancing opportunities to the base case and fills the remaining gap with growth in supply.